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葡萄牙驻华大使向中国推介 《宝藏之国——葡萄牙》

      大家好!我叫杜傲杰 我是葡萄牙共和国驻华大使。承蒙邀请,今天我来介绍我的国家,
      我来自葡萄牙,我国以其美景而闻名。葡萄牙具有种类繁多的景观,还有毗邻大西洋悠长的海岸线。我国的海岛既有美丽的天然自然风景,也保留着其海洋和乡村的原始风格。我国也具有许多完美都市,诸如里斯本市、波尔图市,还有浪漫的辛特拉市及其著名的佩纳宫。葡式菜肴有着世界最美味的食物之一的美誉,其烹饪传统在全世界都很有名。有很多中国朋友很喜欢去我国品尝大西洋钓的鲜鱼,这里还有中国人很爱吃的葡式菜肴——海鲜饭。实际上,今天我来给大家介绍的并不是我国的传统菜肴,也不是美景,今天我要介绍葡萄牙的文学和音乐。
      中国和葡萄牙之间保持500余年的亲切友好关系。葡萄牙航海家们于1513年抵达广州。从那时起,两国始终保持和平共处和彼此理解的友谊。两个国家有着如此悠久的相互理解和对话的传统,这在历史上是相当令人惊讶的。因此,两国关系最重要的事情是互相了解同时彼此理解,而且我们的确应该彼此理解,想要两国增进了解,那么可以阅读当地的文学著作以及作家自传,也可以是诗人、作家和哲学家或者任何人的文学读物,因为阅读不同的文学内容正是了解到他国社会状况的最佳方式,而对他国的了解越深,也就学习更多,欣赏更多。
      我国有许多不同文学流派的世界级优秀作家,欧洲古典主义还有19世纪浪漫主义和现实主义流派的作家。我国也有许多杰出的诗人,而他们是葡萄牙文化的一部分。我国和中国一样认为自己不仅是一个具有诗意的国家,还是一个善于诞生诗人的国家。因此,我建议各位中国朋友搜索更多信息关于我国不同文学风貌的创作和已经译成中文的葡籍作家的出版作品。
      还有一种艺术表现也可以使大家深入了解我的国家,它不依靠感官 而是一种依靠听觉去感受的艺术,聆听音乐和节奏,体会我国人民的要表达的内容。每当我们谈到音乐,谈到葡萄牙,就会立刻想到法多。法多已被联合国教科文组织认定为世界文化遗产,并被誉为我国最传统的音乐类型。法多演奏包括吉他演奏家和一名具有强有力声音的独唱歌手,演奏时,会摆放着几张桌子围绕演奏家,而听众可以坐下听歌手唱歌关于失恋或思念之情,歌曲的悲观象征葡萄牙文化也是其常用的主题。不过我国音乐类型不仅有法多,葡萄牙经典巴洛克音乐作品也十分著名。我顺便介绍一下,欧洲经典巴洛克音乐被葡萄牙人传入中国,是一名在康熙皇帝宫廷里任职了36年的葡籍天主教耶稣会传教士将欧洲音乐和欧洲人音乐品味传入了中国。我国传统音乐类型很丰富并具有诸多值得挖掘的歌手和作曲家。除了经典音乐和法多以外,我国音乐类型还包括流行音乐、摇滚乐和爵士音乐,例如,在新浪潮和葡萄牙的一些移民社区中,不同起源的葡萄牙人带来世界各地的不同声音,使我们的音乐传统更丰富。并为我们的文化做出了突出贡献。
      总之,尊敬的中国朋友们,虽然因为疫情对旅游业的影响 无法让你们亲自欣赏我国的美景和美食,但是通过我国的文学和音乐作品,你们也能足不出户了解到葡萄牙。你们可以通过阅读书籍和听音乐来探索葡萄牙。谢谢各位,请享受我国的书籍和音乐。
 

 
Hello, my name is José Augusto Duarte, I am the Portuguese Ambassador, and I am very grateful that you invited me today to present to you my country. 
 
I am from Portugal, Portugal is quite well-known for its beautiful landscapes, we have a huge variety of landscapes, long beaches to the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean, we have islands with beautiful natural landscapes, and wild landscapes in the sea and in the countryside. We have wonderful cities like Lisbon, Oporto, or the romantic place like Sintra with its beautiful Pena Castle. And we have also the reputation of being one of the best kitchens in the world with culinary traditions that are quite famous around the world. Chinese people for example love to go Portugal to eat the fish, the good Atlantic fish we have over there, and to also have the taste of the shellfish rice that all the Chinese love to try in my home country. But today, I am not going to speak about neither the culinary traditions, nor the landscapes. Today I am going to speak about literature and music in my country. 
 
Portugal and China enjoy friendly and warm relationship for more than 500 years. The Portuguese arrived in the coasts of Guangzhou in 1513, and since then, the Portuguese and the Chinese have enjoyed always peaceful and quite mutual understanding in the relationship, which is quite amazing in history to have such a long tradition of mutual understanding and dialogue for two nations in the world. But for that, the most important thing is to understand each other, and to understand each other we ought to know each other, nothing better to know each other then reading the scripts and the writers of each country, can be poets, can be writers, can be philosophers, can be whatever, but the different ways of expression in literature is the best way also for another country to learn more another society. And to learn more is to appreciate more.
 
We have some of the best writers around the world in different styles, classical styles like the romantic period or the realistic period in the 19th century, and we have also wonderful poets that is part of our culture. Like in China, in Portugal we consider ourselves a country of poets a country of poetry, and I challenge also my Chinese friends to discover a bit more about the Portuguese expressions in literature around the many Portuguese books translated and published in China. 
 
Another expression that can be also a good way to discover my home country is not through reading, but through listening, listening to the music and the musicality, and expressions that my country and my people can do. When we speak about music and we speak about Portugal, we generally think immediately about Fado. Fado is a cultural heritage by UNESCO in the world and is considered one of the most expressive musical traditions of Portugal. The guitar, the singer, a powerful voice, and a table around which people listen, it is quite and intimate cry of nostalgic absence of someone that we love or that we miss, it’s quite a fatalist way that some part of the Portuguese culture tends to express. But we are not only just Fado, we can also be very well-known by the baroque traditions in our music. It was the Portuguese, by the way, that introduced in China the baroque classical European music. It was a Portuguese missionary that worked with emperor KangXi in the forbidden city for more that 36 years, that introduced this taste for the Chinese the classical European music, it was the Portuguese that introduced that. We have wonderful traditions in this we have many good singers and many good composers that ought to be discovered. But only just in the classical and the Fado, we have also other expressions of musical traditions in Portugal, can be in the Pop Rock, can be in the Jazz or can be, for example, in the new waves and some immigrants or some communities in Portugal, Portuguese of different origins that contribute with different sounds from around the world to enrich our musical traditions and make a good contribution for the enrichment of our culture all together. 
 
So, my dear Chinese friends, either through landscapes, or culinary traditions -that now in times of COVID-19 we don’t have the opportunity to see-but through literature, or through music in these times of COVID-19 even without leaving China you can discover my country. You can discover Portugal through reading to books or through listening to music. Thank you very much, enjoy you books enjoy your music. 
承制单位:华人天下文化传播有限公司、视点文化传播有限公司、北京中投视讯文化传媒股份有限公司
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